Becoming a hafiz or hafiza, someone who has memorized the Quran, is a remarkable accomplishment, especially when one has memorized all 30 chapters (juz). Apart from following the Sunnah, a hafiz or hafiza may also have the opportunity to study at various tuition-free universities in the Middle East.
However, memorizing the Quran is not an easy task and requires the application of the right memorization methods. Memorizing the Quran means preserving it from the changing times and ensuring it remains connected to one’s faith. It is not enough to memorize without a strong and sincere intention. Even some people may struggle with correct pronunciation despite numerous repetitions due to a lack of wholehearted commitment to the memorization.
To truly master the memorization of the Quran, especially all 30 juz, one needs a deep and sincere intention. It also requires immense dedication and regular revision to ensure that one does not forget what has been memorized.
Hence, special methods are needed for studying and memorizing the Quran so that the accuracy of pronunciation, articulation of letters, and Tajweed rules remain intact.
Lately, many Quran memorization methods have been developed by huffaz (those who have memorized the Quran). In Indonesia, these methods have produced young Quran memorizers, even among children.
Here are some of these methods:
1. Ustadz Adi Hidayat’s Memorization Method
In this method, Ustad Adi Hidayat emphasizes that Quran memorization is straightforward. He believes that a strong, unwavering heart significantly influences the level of memorization. Doubt should have no place in Quran memorization. When you firmly believe that you can do it, Allah will make it easier for you.
Using a standard Quran script designed for memorization is preferable. Some Quran scripts include commentary and tafsir alongside the text, while others provide detailed Tajweed rules. For the purpose of memorization, use a standard script that includes only the Quranic text.
Allocate specific times for memorization that do not clash with other activities. The division of time can be categorized into three slots:
- Memorization Time: Dedicate at least an hour a day to memorization. Short bursts of focused learning, such as memorizing 3-5 verses, are effective.
- Review Time: During your Sunnah prayers, recite one verse you’ve memorized in the morning. In your Tahajjud prayers, review the connected verses.
- Repetition Time: In your spare moments, practice repetition to reinforce your memory.
In this method, it is essential to have a teacher or guide who can correct any mistakes and pronunciation errors. This helps ensure that you don’t unintentionally memorize incorrect recitations, which can alter the meaning and significance of the Quranic verses.
Lastly, have faith in Allah and pray for His guidance and facilitation before beginning your memorization sessions. Pray that what you memorize remains firmly planted in your heart and memory.
This method is particularly effective for individuals with daily routines and is best applied by having a teacher or guide to ensure accuracy.
In addition to these methods, other huffaz, like Ustad Rony, have introduced innovative techniques that incorporate mental and physical exercises to optimize memorization, particularly focusing on enhancing the capacity of the right side of the brain. While the fundamental principles remain consistent, incorporating exercises before memorization is the unique feature of Ustad Rony’s method.
2. Ustadz Yusuf Mansyur’s Memorization Method
Ustad Yusuf Mansyur’s method focuses on harnessing the power of the mind, not in a magical sense, but rather by sharpening the cognitive faculties of the brain. In this method, memorization is repeated around 20 to 40 times, and then the verses are allowed to be memorized naturally through a process called Murojaah.
For long verses, it is advisable to break them down into segments that can be comfortably retained to make the memorization process more manageable.
There is no rush in memorization; it should be a slow, mindful process. Enjoy each recitation, reflect on its meaning, and integrate it into your being, making it a part of your very breath and thoughts.
Practice your memorization by reciting correctly, following the rules of articulation and Tajweed during voluntary prayers. Apart from gaining rewards, this will help maintain your memorization and make it easier for your brain to remember.
Regularly review your memorization to avoid what is known as “false memorization.” False memorization occurs when you memorize a few verses quickly, but after some time, such as a month, you forget what you’ve memorized. Long-term revision is key to preserving what you’ve learned.
Imbue your Quranic memorization with the intention of gaining continuous rewards from Allah. This is especially powerful for those with specific intentions, such as seeking a spouse, alleviating debt, desiring children, or any other personal aspiration. Memorize the Quran and pray to Allah for assistance.
This is Ustad Yusuf Mansyur’s method, which has proven successful in producing renowned Quran memorizers, including children.
In essence, memorizing the Quran is more than reciting verses; it is about understanding the meanings encapsulated in the Quran and applying them in your daily life.
Wallahu A’lam bisshowab.